1897: In Germany, Magnus Hirschfeld founds the Scientific Humanitarian Committee to organize for homosexual rights and the repeal of Paragraph 175.
1969: Canada decriminalizes homosexual acts between consenting adults with the passage of the Criminal Law Amendment Act, 1968-69.
1974: The first federal gay civil rights bill, extending antidiscrimination protection to gay men and lesbians under the 1964 Civil Rights Act, is introduced in Congress. Among the bill’s initial sponsors are New York Congresswoman Bella Abzug and Congressman Edward Koch.
1976: Montreal police begin a systematic series of raids aimed at harassing and closing down local gay bars and bathhouses. The raids are part of an attempt to “clean up” the city before the opening of the summer Olympics in August. Club Baths decides to permanently close its Montreal facility as a result of the raids.